Home Product Knowledge How Phosphate is Processed and Refined?

How Phosphate is Processed and Refined?

2023-04-20 Xinhai (265)

24-hour service hotline
+8618733132385

If you have any questions, please contact us through the following ways, we will give you more and better assistance!

Wechat


Phosphate rock is the main source of phosphorus for the production of fertilizers and other chemicals. The processing and refining of phosphate involves several steps:

  1. Mining: The phosphate rock is extracted from the ground using heavy equipment such as bulldozers and front-end loaders.

  2. Beneficiation: The phosphate rock is washed and screened to remove any large impurities. It is then crushed and ground into a fine powder.

  3. Flotation: The powdered phosphate rock is mixed with water and a surfactant. Air bubbles are introduced into the mixture, causing the phosphate minerals to float to the surface while the gangue minerals sink to the bottom.

  4. Drying: The concentrate is filtered and dried to remove any remaining water.

  5. Calcination: The concentrate is heated in a furnace to remove any remaining organic matter and convert the phosphate minerals to a form that is more readily soluble.

  6. Acidulation: The calcined concentrate is mixed with sulfuric acid to form phosphoric acid and gypsum (a byproduct).

  7. Purification: The phosphoric acid is purified and concentrated by several processes such as solvent extraction and ion exchange.

  8. Reaction: The purified phosphoric acid is then reacted with other chemicals to produce various phosphate-based fertilizers and other products.

  9. Storage and Distribution: The finished products are stored and distributed to farmers and other customers.

Overall, the processing and refining of phosphate involves several complex and energy-intensive processes, but it is essential for the production of the fertilizers and other products that are critical for modern agriculture.


Online message

You can fill in your demand information in the form below, and our technical and sales staff will get in touch with you as soon as possible. In order to ensure that your information can be processed in a timely manner, please be sure to fill in your contact number accurately!

  • Please fill in the detailed demand information:

  • If the above information cannot meet your needs, please fill in your specific needs here!