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Introduction of Granite Feldspar Mineral Processing Technology

2023-04-17 Xinhai (279)

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Granite is a common type of intrusive, felsic igneous rock, which typically contains a mixture of quartz, feldspar, and mica minerals. In terms of mineral processing, the most important minerals in granite are feldspars, especially potassium feldspars, which are used in the manufacture of glass, ceramics, and other industrial products. The following is an introduction to the granite feldspar mineral processing technology.

  1. Crushing and Grinding The first step in processing granite feldspar is crushing and grinding. The granite is typically blasted from a quarry and then crushed to the desired size using crushers. After crushing, the granite is ground using ball mills, rod mills, or other types of grinding equipment to a fine powder.

  2. Flotation Separation After grinding, the granite feldspar is subjected to flotation separation. Flotation is a process that separates minerals based on their surface properties. In this process, a reagent is added to the ground granite feldspar to make the feldspar surface hydrophobic (water-repellent), while the quartz surface remains hydrophilic (water-loving). The hydrophobic feldspar particles then attach to air bubbles and float to the surface, where they can be collected and further processed.

  3. Magnetic Separation Magnetic separation is used to remove iron-bearing minerals, such as magnetite and biotite, from the granite feldspar. Magnetic separation uses a magnetic field to separate magnetic minerals from non-magnetic minerals. In this process, the ground granite feldspar is passed through a magnetic separator, which separates the magnetic minerals from the non-magnetic minerals.

  4. Acid Leaching Acid leaching is used to remove impurities, such as iron and titanium, from the granite feldspar. In this process, the ground granite feldspar is treated with hydrochloric acid or sulfuric acid, which dissolves the impurities, leaving behind a purified product.

  5. Drying and Packaging After the purification process is complete, the granite feldspar is dried and packaged for shipment. The dried product can be used in the manufacture of ceramics, glass, and other industrial products.

In conclusion, the processing of granite feldspar involves crushing and grinding, flotation separation, magnetic separation, acid leaching, and drying and packaging. The end product is a high-quality potassium feldspar, which is widely used in the manufacturing industry.