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Ferrochrome beneficiation process

2023-04-25 Xinhai (258)

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Ferrochrome, also known as charge chrome, is an alloy of chromium and iron containing between 50% and 70% chromium. The ferrochrome production process involves the smelting of chromite ore with a carbonaceous reductant in a submerged electric arc furnace at temperatures of around 1700°C. The process is highly energy-intensive and produces significant amounts of greenhouse gas emissions.

The ferrochrome beneficiation process is aimed at separating chromite ore components from impurities by leveraging differences in their physicochemical properties. Several beneficiation techniques can be used, including gravity separation, magnetic separation, and flotation.

Gravity separation: Gravity separation is one of the most commonly used techniques in the ferrochrome beneficiation process. This technique is based on the differences in density between the chromite and gangue minerals. The crushed and screened chromite ore is mixed with water and fed onto a shaking table, spiral chute, or jigging machine. The heavy chromite particles settle on the bottom of the equipment while the lighter gangue minerals are washed away. The concentrate is collected for further processing.

Magnetic separation: Magnetic separation is another technique that can be used to separate chromite ore components from impurities. This technique is based on the differences in magnetic susceptibility between the chromite and gangue minerals. The chromite ore is ground to a fine powder and mixed with water. The slurry is passed through a magnetic separator, which separates the chromite from the non-magnetic gangue minerals. The chromite concentrate is collected for further processing.

Flotation: Flotation is a process used to separate valuable minerals from gangue minerals based on their differences in surface properties. In the ferrochrome beneficiation process, the chromite ore is ground to a fine powder and mixed with water and reagents. Air is then bubbled through the slurry, causing the chromite particles to float to the surface, where they can be collected for further processing.

Overall, the ferrochrome beneficiation process involves several steps, including crushing, screening, grinding, gravity separation, magnetic separation, and flotation. Each step is aimed at separating chromite ore components from impurities to produce a high-quality ferrochrome product. The choice of the beneficiation technique depends on various factors, including the characteristics of the ore, the nature of the impurities, and the desired product quality.


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