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How to make the zinc content in the lead low in the flotation process?

2023-05-09 Xinhai (264)

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Zinc is a common impurity in lead concentrates, which can negatively impact the quality of lead produced. Therefore, it is necessary to reduce the zinc content in lead concentrates during the flotation process. Here are some methods commonly used to achieve this:

  1. Adding Depressants: In the flotation process, the addition of depressants, such as sodium cyanide or zinc sulfate, can reduce the flotation of zinc minerals and increase the selectivity of lead minerals.

  2. Using Reverse Flotation: Reverse flotation involves floating the zinc minerals, such as sphalerite, first, and then depressing them before floating the lead minerals. This method is effective in reducing the zinc content in the lead concentrate.

  3. Controlling pH: Controlling the pH of the slurry can also help reduce the zinc content in the lead concentrate. Typically, a pH range of 8-9 is preferred for selective flotation of lead minerals.

  4. Flotation Circuit Design: Proper flotation circuit design is crucial in reducing the zinc content in the lead concentrate. For example, installing a zinc circuit can help remove zinc minerals before they reach the lead circuit, resulting in a lower zinc content in the lead concentrate.

  5. Introducing High-Grade Lead Concentrates: Introducing high-grade lead concentrates into the flotation feed can also help reduce the zinc content in the final lead concentrate. This is because the high-grade lead concentrates contain fewer zinc impurities.

In summary, reducing the zinc content in lead concentrates is important for producing high-quality lead. The methods mentioned above, such as adding depressants, using reverse flotation, controlling pH, proper flotation circuit design, and introducing high-grade lead concentrates, are all effective in achieving this goal.



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